Difference between FCNR (A) and (B)
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Key Takeaways: How different are Foreign Currency Non-Resident (FCNR) (A) and (B) accounts? And what is the significance of holding an FCNR (B) account? These are two questions the article will answer for you.
An FCNR account is a type of term deposit that NRIs can hold in India in a foreign currency.
What is the difference between an FCNR (A) and FCNR (B) account? For starters, the FCNR (A) account does not exist any more. It was replaced by the FCNR (B) account in 1993. All FCNR accounts today are FCNR (B) accounts.
FCNR (A) was introduced in 1975 to encourage NRI deposits. The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) guaranteed the exchange rate prevalent at the time of a deposit to eliminate risk to depositors. In 1993, the apex bank introduced FCNR (B), without exchange rate guarantee, to replace FCNR (A) .
Benefits of an FCNR (B) Account:
Now that the difference between FCNR (A) and FCNR (B) accounts is clear let's look at the features and benefits of FCNR (B) accounts. Any Non-Resident Indian – NRI and PIO cardholder – can open an FCNR (B) account. It is a term deposit with a stipulated maturity date and can be held in a foreign currency.
The main benefit of an FCNR (B) account is that the principal amount and interest amount are tax-free and fully repatriable. Since the account is denominated in a foreign currency, you are not exposed to the risk of exchange rate fluctuations. Banks offer competitive interest rates on these deposits to NRIs.
Features of an FCNR (B) Account
Here are the currency options available to open an FCNR (B) account:
- *Holding Currency:
- USD – United States Dollar
- GBP – Great Britain Pound
- AUD – Australian Dollar
- SGD – Singapore Dollar
- CAD – Canadian Dollar
- CHF – Swiss Franc
- HKD – Hong Kong Dollar
*The policy to open or hold an FCNR account in the currencies mentioned above varies from one bank to another. You will need to check with your bank which currencies available.
- Eligibility: An NRI or PIO cardholder can set up an FCNR (B) account.
- Rate of Interest: Banks offer competitive and attractive interest rates.
- Tenure: You can set up your FCNR (B) deposit for a tenure of one year up to five years.
- Mode of Holding: You can open your FCNR (B) deposit singly or jointly with two or more NRIs.
- Premature Withdrawal: Withdrawal before the due date is permissible and pre-closure charges will apply. You must remember that no interest is payable if the withdrawal is made before the end of one year.
- Repatriation: You can fully repatriate your holdings in an FCNR (B) account, including principal and interest.
- Taxation: The interest earned is tax-free in India.
- Nomination: You can add an NRI nominee for your account.
Documents Required to open an FCNR (B) account:
- You must submit a copy of any one of these:
- A valid passport
- Proof of your OCI/PIO status
- The other documents are:
- Proof of overseas address
- Proof of Indian address (optional)
- Indian PAN Card or Form 60
- Colour passport-size photographs.
Permissible Debits from the FCNR (B) Deposit:
You can debit your FCNR (B) deposit for remittances outside India, local disbursements (within India), for making investments in India and transferring funds to other NRE or FCNR (B) Accounts.
Opening an FCNR Deposit:
The process of opening an FCNR (B) deposit is both convenient and straightforward. You can easily open an FCNR (B) account online through your bank's internet banking portal. However, you need to open an NRE or NRO account before you can create an FCNR (B) deposit.
You can transfer funds into your FCNR (B) account through any of the following methods:
- From one NRE or FCNR (B) account to another
- Directly from your bank account overseas through a wire transfer
Final Note: The difference between an FCNR (A) and FCNR (B) account is that the latter replaced the former in 1993. An FCNR (B) account allows you to deposit earnings from anywhere in the world and earn competitive tax-free interest on them with full repatriability.
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